The text consists of six books. Yoga Vasistha teachings are structured as stories and fables,  with a philosophical foundation similar to those found in Advaita Vedanta ,  is particularly associated with drsti-srsti subschool of Advaita which holds that the "whole world of things is the object of mind". Yoga Vasistha is famous as one of the historically popular and influential texts of Hinduism. The name Vasistha in the title of the text refers to Rishi Vasistha. The long version of the text is called Brihat Yoga Vasistha , wherein Brihat means "great or large". The short version of the text is called Laghu Yoga Vasishta , wherein Laghu means "short or small".
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The yoga or contemplative philosophy of the Hindus is rich, exuberant, grand and sublime, in as much as it comprehends within its ample sphere and deep recesses of mediation, all that is of the greatest value, best interest and highest importance to mankind as physical, moral, intellectual and spiritual beings a knowledge of the cosmos of the physical and intellectual worlds.
Valmiki, Vasistha and Yajnavalkya were propounders of Yoga system; the saints one and all were adepts in yoga. Yogavasistha is the greatest work of the Yoga-philosophy by Valmiki known by several names.
This work has six chapter known as prakaranas as 1. Vairagava prakarana, 2. Mumuksu vyahara prakarana, 3. Utpatti prakarana, 4. Sthiti prakarana, 5.
Upasama prakarana 6. Nirvana prakarana. The present Edition of the translator Vihari Lal Mitra comes from a Bengali Background, his dicta is sometimes found impressed with Bengali accent. This is why he has written sattva as sottva, arghya as orghya, asattva as asuttva, etc.
The translator has mistaken Samadhi for hypnotism, hence to avoid confusion Samadhi has been rendered as Samadhi for lack on any synonym thereof.
Since this and other Yogic terms are peculiar to Sanskrit and they don't have their exact equivalences in other languages of the world. The old English usage sometimes takes its course I the translation in land so the present editor has replaced all such usages by the modest terms available in English languages. Some stanzas were also not translated there according to Sanskrit text of Nirvana Sagar edition.
So, for the benefit of the readers those have been translated by editor. The most conspicuous feature of the present edition is that it contains the Sanskrit text in original along with the English translation complete in all respects. Hope the present edition would by capable of fulfilling the long felt and most ardent need of the readers and researchers.
Yogavasistha is known by several names e. Maharamayana, Arsaramayana, Vasistaramayana, Jnanavasistha or Vasistha. This work has six chapters known as prakaranas as under-. Vairagya prakarana 2. Mumuksu vyahara prakarana 3. Utpatti prakarana 4.
Sithiti prakarana 5. Nirvana prakarana is further divided into two part paravardha first half Uttararha second half As per description of Yogavasistha this work contains 32, slokas Mosksopayabhidhaneyam Samhita sarasammita Trimsat deva ca saharani Jnata nirvanadayini. But the available editions do not contain the prescribed number of verses. The manuscript of Yogavasistha preserved in the India office literary of London contains: slokas.
The Yogavasistha published from Nirnaya sagar press Bombay contains slokas. Thought several other manuscript are available but all of them are incomplete and fragmentary. From time to time scholars have been producing the Yogavasistha in fragments as per their interests and objectives. Today Yogavasishta is available in the market in the following pocket size edition e. We come across several commentaries on Yogavasistha. Advayaranya son of Narahari attempted his commentary on the Yogavasistha in the name of Vasistha Ramayana-candrika.
Gangadharendra wrote two bhasya on it. Madhava sarasvati Pada Candrika commentary on this work. Yogavasistha is a vast and bulk size work. There are 53 important Upakhyanas in this work. The story of yogavasistha 2. The conversation between Rama and vasistha 3. The story of suka 4. Vasistha story of Origin and acquisition of knowledge.
The story of Akasaja 6. The story of Lila. The story of Karkati Raksasi. The story of the sons of Indu Brahmana. The story of Ahilya and Indra. The story of citta. The story of Bala. The story of Indrajala. The story of Sukra. The story of Dama, Vyala and Kata. The story of Bhima Bhasa and Drdha.
The story of Dasura. The story of Janaka achieving Jivanmukti. The story of Puny and Pavana. The stories of Bali. Gadhi, Uddalaka, Suraghu Vitahavya, Kak Bhusunda. Queen Cudala and Sikhidhvaja, Isvara, Arjuna, Vetala, Bhagiratha, Rani cudala Kirata, Manikaca, Hastika, Kaca, Iksvaku, A Muni settled in Tuiyavastha Vidyadhara, Indara, Manki Manoharina, Pasana, Vipacit, Vatadhana princes, Sava Sila, Brahmanda, Aindava Bilva, Tapasa, Yogavasistha imfact is the compilation of discourses delivered by the great sage Vasistha to Ram at the time of his assuming the kingship of Ayodhay.
Taking the opportunity of that historic occasion Vasistha as per tradition delivered his lecturers on varied topics dealing with spiritually origin of cosmos and human beings attainment of moska through yoga and Samadhi. The present treatise is bulkier in size and shape than Ramayana. It sheds an ample good light on the time period of Rama social customs and Vedic rituals prevalent by then.
It also helps unravel the mysteries of creation decreation ad Avataras. It help in ascertaining the geographical limits i. Valmiki is the author of this earliest great work on yoga. There is another work of the same nature called the Adhyatam Ramayana which is attributed to Vyasa and treat of the moral and theological subjects connected with the life and acts of the great hero of Indian history.
Many other works are extant in the vernacular dialects having the same theme for their subject which is needless to notice in this place. Vasistha known as the wisest of sages puts forth in the first part the great question of the vanity of the world which is shown synthetically to a great length form the state of all living existences the instinct inclinations and passions of men the nature of their aims and objects with some discussions about destiny necessity activity and the state of the soul and spirit.
The second part embraces various directions for the union of the individual with the universal consciousness the subjective the objective truth and the common topics of yoga philosophy.
Yoga Vasishta Maha Ramayana