CODE PENAL TCHADIEN PDF

Information about revolutionary or rebel movements operating along the border with Libya during the relevant period was scarce among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. In its Transformation Index report on Chad, which assesses the country's transition toward democracy and a market economy, the German research foundation Bertelsmann Stiftung states that there is a "lack of threats" from rebel movements along Chad's borders; "[n]onetheless, Chad continues to suspect that Libya is hosting Chadian rebels and training camps" Bertelsmann Stiftung , 1, 3, The same source adds that "[f]ears that Chadian rebel groups might use the crisis in Libya to invade the country from the north did not materialize" ibid. The central government [of Chad] closely monitors any armed groups that might be hidden in the region's mountains waiting for a favourable opportunity to make an appearance. In June , Le Visionnaire reported that, in the preceding days, Chadian soldiers had been deployed to the far north of the country [translation] "to prevent any advance by [FACT] rebels," who, according to the same article, "had increasingly been threatening the authorities in N'Djamena" since April 28 June

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Information about revolutionary or rebel movements operating along the border with Libya during the relevant period was scarce among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. In its Transformation Index report on Chad, which assesses the country's transition toward democracy and a market economy, the German research foundation Bertelsmann Stiftung states that there is a "lack of threats" from rebel movements along Chad's borders; "[n]onetheless, Chad continues to suspect that Libya is hosting Chadian rebels and training camps" Bertelsmann Stiftung , 1, 3, The same source adds that "[f]ears that Chadian rebel groups might use the crisis in Libya to invade the country from the north did not materialize" ibid.

The central government [of Chad] closely monitors any armed groups that might be hidden in the region's mountains waiting for a favourable opportunity to make an appearance. In June , Le Visionnaire reported that, in the preceding days, Chadian soldiers had been deployed to the far north of the country [translation] "to prevent any advance by [FACT] rebels," who, according to the same article, "had increasingly been threatening the authorities in N'Djamena" since April 28 June Additional information on FACT or the treatment of its members by the authorities could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.

Information on the treatment of sympathizers of revolutionary movements operating along the border with Libya during the relevant period was scarce among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. In correspondence with the Research Directorate, a lawyer practising in N'Djamena stated the following:. Regarding the treatment of individuals seen as sympathizers of revolutionary movements by the authorities, it should be noted that the authorities essentially consider them to be participants in these revolutionary movements; consequently, their treatment does not differ from that of activists or members of these movements.

According to the lawyer, [translation] "there is a distinction with regard to the level of punishment meted out to sympathizers forced labour of a limited duration or for life, depending on the case and members of or activists in revolutionary movements death penalty " ibid. In the event of an armed insurrection, the punishment shall be forced labour for life.

Individuals who used weapons shall be punished by death" Chad Article 93 of the Code provides the following:. Anyone who directed or organized an insurrectional movement or who, knowingly and intentionally, provided or procured weapons, munitions and instruments of crime or supplies, or who, in any way, provided intelligence to the directors or commanders of such a movement shall be punished by death.

According to the lawyer, [translation] "individuals accused of fundraising for [revolutionary movements] are seen in the same light as those who wilfully participated in these movements and, consequently, they are punished by death pursuant to article 89, paragraph 2, of the Chadian Penal Code" lawyer 2 Dec.

Article 89, paragraph 2, of the Chadian Penal Code states that. Chad Corroborating information concerning the information provided by the lawyer could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection.

Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request. Bertelsmann Stiftung. Sent to the Research Directorate by a lawyer practising in N'Djamena. La Croix. Laurent Larcher. Deutsche Welle DW. International Crisis Group. Africa without Qaddafi: the Case of Chad. Le Visionnaire. Murrow Issa Changengar. Log in. Remember Me. Forgot password?

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Benan Benjamin Djikoloum. On March 20th , the first civil chamber of the Cour de cassation found that inheritance litigation between moslem citizens of Mayotte came under the jurisdiction of the Moslem courts. In fact, the Mahorais citizens of the French Republic and originating from Mayotte, are subject to a local civil code, the essential component of which is Koranic law. To apply this law between people who are concemed the Republic has maintained the traditional moslem jurisdictions which predate the colonisation of Mayotte, that is to say, the juridiction of the cadis, or Moslem judges. The role of these jurisdictions, strictly limited to certain questions of civil law, will undergo a profound modification due to the promulgation of law No. As soon as some of its provisions corne into force, between now and 31st December , the cadis will cease to have jurisdictional power to become assessors of jurisdiction of common law for litigation on questions of local law.

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