The junior Aragonese branch would expand massively, arguably becoming more influential in European politics than their Castilian contemporaries. This was mainly because the Aragonese branch of the house was expanding further into the Mediterranean Sea, with the conquest of Sardinia, Corsica and the Island of Sicily. A junior illegitimate line, however, descended from the bastard son of Alfonso V of Aragon, took power in Naples upon the death of Alfonso V. Alfonso XI bestowed a great many titles and honours upon his illegitimate children, especially Enrique. It was upon the death of Alfonso XI and the ascension of King Pedro that the situation grew unstable. Enrique and his brothers scattered from the Castilian court for fear of what Pedro and his vengeful mother, Maria of Portugal, could do to them.
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They were an illegitimate cadet line of the House of Ivrea. Their family was sustained with large amounts of inbreeding, which led to a series of disputed struggles over rightful claims to the Castilian throne.
This lineage ultimately ruled in Castile from the rise to power of Henry II in through the unification of the crowns under Ferdinand and Isabella. Peter was born to Alfonso and his wife, Maria of Portugal, but Alfonso lived out a long and public affair with Eleanor of Guzman.
Having been protected by Aragon,  Henry was forced to flee to France when the Castilian crown signed a peace treaty with Aragon in Gaining support throughout Castile because of his relation to Alfonso XI and Peter's continuous military escapades, Henry built an alliance with Aragon and France, including mercenaries led by French constable Bertram Du Guesclin for another attempt at the Castilian crown in As Edward fell ill, and sick with Peter's attempts to get Edward's prisoners executed, and perhaps with Peter's delay or failure to fulfill his promises of land to England, the Plantagenets withdrew from their direct battlefield support of the Castilian Crown to the new front in Gascony opened to the French.
In March , with the continued support of France and Aragon, and growing support in important cities in parts of Castile, Henry's forces again invaded the Castilian Crown's realm and checked Peter's army. Under Henry, a new nobility rose in prominence to gain land grants of large estates and vast royal privileges. The public rise of this new class of nobles caused discontent and instability in Castile. This class of nobility was driven by their desire to reclaim family holdings and was generally compelled to use any means necessary.
Henry made an agreement with the ruler of Aragon, Peter IV, to have their children wed. After giving birth to three children, Eleanor died in , after only seven years of marriage. On the basis of this marriage, John made an unsuccessful claim to the throne of Portugal upon Ferdinand I's death in , a move that possibly could have led to the unification of all of the Iberian Peninsula. Upon his untimely death, John's eldest son Henry came to the throne as Henry III, at the very young age of twelve years.
He waited only two years to independently take control of the throne in at only fourteen years of age, amidst a great deal of violence being carried out against Jews throughout Castile. In , amidst an invasion by Granada's forces in Murcia, Henry died while planning a response at the age of Henry's brother, Ferdinand, served as regent, along with John's mother, Catherine of Lancaster.
During his time as regent, Ferdinand was chosen as the ruler of Aragon, due to his maternal relation to the Aragonese throne through the Compromise of Caspe in John II came to power upon his mother's death in He was now a cousin to the King of Aragon, as Alfonso ascended to the throne upon Ferdinand I's death.
John married Maria, the sister of Alfonso V of Aragon. Alfonso himself had already married John's sister, Maria, making the two rulers both cousins and brothers-in-law twice over.
John II was now also a cousin and brother-in-law to Alfonso's brothers John and Henry , known collectively as the Infantes of Aragon , who had been given large amounts of land in Castile while their father worked as regent during John II's childhood. John II lacked widespread authority, and Castile became a battlefield for nobles to gain power and political influence. In , Alfonso V ordered the Infantes to lead a joint attack on Castile. Don Alvaro lost this power in to a nobility which was allied with Alfonso V, and in , John II was once again captured by Infante John of Aragon, throwing Castile into near anarchy.
Henry IV of Castile was an unpopular ruler, in part because of his taste for Moorish fashion and his disagreement with military engagement with Granada. This marriage failed, however, as a result of Henry's inability to consummate it. He was remarried in to Joan of Portugal. Queen Joan gave birth to Princess Joan in , and she was recognized by the Cortes as Henry's legitimate successor.
In , charges were raised by powerful noble families that Princess Joan was the daughter of one of Henry's favourites, The 1st Duke of Alburquerque. These powerful noble families eventually forced Henry IV to hand over power to his brother Alfonso in , but Alfonso suddenly died a month later.
Amidst the struggle to settle the ensuing claims to the throne, Henry's wife Joan became pregnant again while being held as a hostage of a noble family. This sign of misbehavior further weakened her daughter Princess Joan's claim to the throne, and paved the way for Henry's half-sister Isabella to take power.
The Pact of the Toros de Guisando was signed in and named Isabella heir to Henry's throne, as she and the nobles renewed their allegiance to Henry in return. A quick marriage for Isabella was a condition of the agreement, however Henry objected to her marriage to Ferdinand, who was the King of Sicily and the heir to the Aragonese throne,  as a breach of the pact. He once again named his daughter Joan as his heir, and a civil war ensued throughout the next decade.
Isabella's military factions were eventually victorious with the help of Aragon, making her queen and uniting the crowns of Aragon and Castile. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spanish royal dynasty. The Medieval Spain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Spain's Centuries of Crisis: Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
History of Ferdinand and Isabella. London: Richard Bentley. Madrid: Castalia Publishing. Imperial Spain: — New York: Penguin Books. Cadet branch of the Castilian House of Ivrea. Royal houses of Europe. Britain and Ireland. Plantagenet Lusignan Ottoman Savoy. Pharnavazid Artaxiad Arsacid Chosroid Bagrationi. Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Babenberg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine Ottoman.
Henry II — King of Castile r. Juana Manuel of Villena — Constance Duchess of Lancaster — John I — King of Castile — Eleanor of Aragon — Catherine of Lancaster — Ferdinand I King of Aragon — Eleanor Countess of Alburquerque — Fernando de Noronha count of Vila Real. John II — King of Castile Maria of Aragon — John II — King of Aragon — Blanche I — Queen of Navarre Maria of Castile — Alfonso V — King of Aragon — Henry duke of Villena.
Peter count of Alburquerque. Alfonso prince of Asturias. Henry IV — King of Castile — Isabella I — Queen of Castile — Ferdinand II — King of Aragon — Charles IV — de jure King of Navarre Blanche II — de jure Queen of Navarre — Eleanor — Queen of Navarre Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor — r.
Alfonso duke of Villahermosa. Juan archbishop of Zaragoza. Enrique count of Ampurias, duke of Segorbe. Alfonso archbishop of Zaragoza. Afonso, Crown Prince of Portugal Isabella of Aragon — Queen of Portugal Manuel I King of Portugal
House of Trastámara
From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Henry II of Castile. Subcategories This category has the following 46 subcategories, out of 46 total. Capilla de los Reyes Nuevos
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