|Published (Last):||17 April 2008|
|PDF File Size:||17.64 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||3.53 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Written in Sanskrit , it is associated with the Krishna Yajurveda by some,  and as a Vedantic Upanishad associated with the Atharvaveda by other scholars. The Garbha Upanishad is a text that almost exclusively comments on medical and physiology-related themes, dealing with the theory of the formation and development of the human embryo and human body after birth.
The Upanishad gives details of the elements essential parts and principles and various features of the body and gives detailed explanation on the evolution of the embryo in the mother's womb.
Paul Deussen et al. The text is notable for its style, where it states a proposition, asks questions challenging the proposition, thereafter develops and presents answers to those questions. The term Garbha literally means "womb" and "relating to gestation".
The surviving manuscripts are incomplete, most of the text is lost or yet to be discovered, and the text is discontinuous, inconsistent between the manuscripts available. The four sections are structured in a form of dialectic style inquiry, where a proposition is presented, followed by a series of questions, and these questions are then answered. Consisting of five, connected with each of the five, Supported on six, burdened with six qualities, Having seven constituent elements, three impurities, twice procreated, Partaking of fourfold food is the body.
Because it consists of prithvi earth , apas water , agni fire , vayu wind and akasa space, ether. Human body is composed of five elements, states the Garbha Upanishad. The five objects of sense are related to ear, skin, eye, tongue, nose. The related support system consists of the mouth to speak, hands to lift, feet to walk, tongue for tasting, nose for smelling, Apana for excretion, and the genitals for sexual enjoyment.
The body goes through six stages from existence in its life, and these are creation as foetus, birth, growth, maturity, decay and death. Seven colour constituent elements dhatus in the body are, states the text, white, red, opaque, smoke colored, yellow, brown and pale colored. From white which is food rasas juice, sap, essences develops the blood red , out of blood develops the flesh opaque , from flesh develops the fat smoke colored , from fat develop the bones yellow , inside bones develops the bone marrow brown , and from marrow develops the semen pale colored.
The Upanishad gives details about how the conception takes place in the womb and how it develops over a period of nine months. It becomes a "bubble" by the seventh night; in 15 nights it becomes a "lump"; in a month's time the embryo is hard; by the end of two months, head is formed; parts of the feet appear by three months; stomach, the hips and ankle appear by the fourth month; the vertebral column shapes up by the fifth month; the face, nose and ears appear by the sixth month; the seventh month is when fetus is imbibed with Jiva or soul Atman , in the eighth month has all body parts, and fully developed in the ninth month.
The Upanishad asserts its theory for the gender of the child, birth defects and the birth of twins. It states that dominance of male semen results in a male child while a female child is born when there is surfeit of female or mother's semen. When semen of both male and female are equally strong birth of a hermaphrodite occurs.
However, up to Quintuplets are observed among humans, asserts the ancient text. By the eighth month, states Garbha Upanishad, the embryo knows its past birth, meditates and perceives Om , gains the intuitive knowledge of good and bad.
The text states that in the last weeks of its development, the fetus remembers the good and bad karma and being born anew through many births, resolves to remember Maheshwara Shiva and Narayana Vishnu , resolves to study and practice Samkhya - Yoga after birth because all these bestow the reward of liberation. The fetus resolves, states the Upanishad, to meditate on Brahman after birth. The text, states T. Mahadevan , asserts that soul resides in the human body and longs for liberation.
The Garbha Upanishad posits the question, "Why is it called Sharira the body? The text then abruptly jumps to enumerating anatomy of a developed human body, likely from lost chapters of the manuscript.
It asserts, states Paul Deussen , that in a human adult, "the head has four skull bones, and in them there are on each side sixteen sockets; in the body there are joints, sutures, sinews, veins, muscles, bones and 45 million hairs". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Garbha Human embryo or Garbha in sanskrit.
Krishna Yajurveda ,  Atharvaveda . Vedantic .
Written in Sanskrit , it is associated with the Krishna Yajurveda by some,  and as a Vedantic Upanishad associated with the Atharvaveda by other scholars. The Garbha Upanishad is a text that almost exclusively comments on medical and physiology-related themes, dealing with the theory of the formation and development of the human embryo and human body after birth. The Upanishad gives details of the elements essential parts and principles and various features of the body and gives detailed explanation on the evolution of the embryo in the mother's womb. Paul Deussen et al.
Garbh Sanhita - Garbh Samhita Part 1 to 4