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No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Covrrizhr, mcmvii, by Oliver Dimar. Each two-voice number bote the title Inventia, and served appar- ently as a prelude to the corresponding three-voice number, called Sinfonia. For this reason, and in consequence of much greater simplicity of treatment, the two books of Inventions as they are now collectively called do not attain quite the same degree of artistic dignity and eminence as that which characterizes the Well-lempcred Clavichord, and assigns it such an unchallenged rank among the noblest and most master-ly products of musical creation.
The style, as usual with Bach, is the so-called imitatory or contrapuntal. That such a process of pure thematic re-announcement in more or less regular succession from beginning to end may be, and often is, conducted in a mechanical manner, with skill and ingenuity, but without real musical fervor, is undeniable.
In such compositions as the Seventh, eleventh, and twelfth of the three-voice Inventions one wholly forgets the rigorous tech- nical processes, the severe conditions of logic, that were necessary in their making; no odor of the workshop clings to them. For example, see the three-voice Invention, No. In meas- ures u and 12 the motive appears four times in succession, —this time in the lower part, in contrary motion; these measures, therefore, balance measures 3 and 4, but are inverted the upper and lower parts changing places ; and, similarly, the following measures r3 and 14 correspond to measures 5 and 6.
Surely no design could be more perfect, not only in the balance of its smaller particles and the corroboration of its larger sections, but also in the never-failing variety it exhibits. March, In his ninth year he lost his mother, Elizabeth, followed the next year by his father, who died in January, The orphan boy was then entrusted to the care of his eldest brother, Johann Christoph, who was fourteen years his senior and organist of the principal Church in Ohrdruf.
In o he was thrown onhis own resources, as his brothers increasing family rendered it no longer possible for Sebastian to remain a member of the household.
He was fortunate enough to obtain admission to the school of the Convent of St. In he was appointed Hofmusikus Court Musician at Weimar, as violinist in the private band of Prince Johann Emst of Saxony; but he held this post for only a few months, as he ac- cepted an invitation to become organist at the new church at Amstadt.
At Easter of the year he was appointed organist at the Church of St. It was in Weimar also that he developed his genius as a Composer of sacred music.
This post differed entirely in its character and the duties which it involved from those which he had previously held. Among his duties was that of accompanying the prince on his joumeys; Leopold, who was devoted to music, was in the habit of taking some of the members of his band with him.
In May, o, Bach went with his patron to Carlsbad; on his return home in July he was met with the terrible news that his wife, whom he had left in perfect health, had been buried on the 7th of that month. On December 3, , Bach married again. His second wife, Anna Magdalena, was the youngest daughter of the court trumpeter, J. She was very musical, an excellent singer, and assisted her husband greatly by copying his music for him.
During their twenty-eight years of married life she bore him thirteen children, six sons and seven daughters; so that in all Bach was the father of no fewer than twenty children. Not less important, though less numerous than his vocal works, were the instrumental compositions of the Leipsic period. Operations on the eyes were tried without success, and the medical treatment connected with these undermined his powerful constitution.
He lived a quiet life in the bosom of his family, and, unlike Handel, never traveled beyond the boundaries of his native land. As they are found in the latter part of that book, their date is probably or Bach, Vol. QI 2: —. The whole of this movement, except where otherwise marked to be played legato.
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15 Inventions, BWV 772-786 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)