JURNAL FILOZOFIC CONSTANTIN NOICA PDF

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Embed Size px x x x x Translated by Ian Blyth. Plymouth: University of Plymouth, Besides the somatic maladies, identified for centuries, and the psychical maladies, identified forbarely a century, there must also be maladies of a higher order, of the spirit let us suppose. Noneurosis can explain the despair of Ecclesiastes, the sentiment of exile on earth or of alienation,metaphysical ennui, the sentiment of the void or of the absurd, the hypertrophy of the I, rejection ofeverything, and empty controversy.

Constantin Noica was one of the most original thinkers ever pro-duced by the nation of Romania. Unlike many Romanian intellectuals who fled tothe post-War West, Noica lived all his life in Romania and wrote in the Romanianlanguage. M Cioran. Six Maladies is a depressing book, written in depressing circumstances. From to , an increasingly oppressive Stalinist regime clamped down onRomanian intellectual life.

In , strict censorship was imposed on authors whodid not adhere to the party line, enforced by extensive blacklisting, censorship,and book banning of uncooperative authors.

The greater the author, the greater therisk, and in Noica was arrested, tried, and sentenced to 10 years in theCampulung-Muscel labor camp in Wallachia.

He served his full term and wasreleased in In Noica was rearrested on charges of conspiracy against the state, ofreading illicit texts by Goethe and Hegel, and of corresponding with the migrphilosopher E. Cioran and his followers. Noica responded, I am guilty, not infront of your laws, but in front of those in the jury box. I am asking for justice thatI cannot contest, i. In what it concerns me, I am asking for themaximum sentence which I will not appeal.

His fellow defendant Nicu Steinhardtsaid, my only thought is that I am proud to stand with these people. When Noica. Steinhardt knelt and said, From you I was born again of water and the spirit. Thethreat of prison and the atmosphere of a police state permeate Noicas later workand provide its tone but not its content. Noicas philosophical development falls into three stages.

Before the war,Noicas interests ranged across the whole history of philosophy. From to, he began to work on what he called a national ontology, somewhat in thespirit of Heidegger. From , he worked on a general ontology, in the spirit ofHegel. Given the political upheavals of Eastern Europe, the later ontology isastonishing, since, as in Schopenhauer, it provides an account of human sufferingderived from logical and ontological categories, not from human malevolence orhistorical forces.

The maladies of the human spirit stem from the structure of theworld, of life as it must be lived by the finite beings that men are. Six Maladies of the Contemporary Spirit was initially published in byEditura Universe, Bucharest; the text was published in the same year as Noicasother work Sentimentul. The text is a continuation of a thought Noica first devel-oped when writing an unpublished work on Being. Six Maladies of the Contem-porary Spirit embeds the ontological model into universal features of culture andhistory, with numerous references to world literature.

The bottom line is clear:Given the nature of finite being, a fulfilled being is rare. Most suffer fromontological deficiencies, either of a passive or an active sort. The three passivedeficiencies belong to accepting the general, the individual, and the determinate;in contrast the three active deficiencies stem from rejecting the determinate, theindividual, and the general Noicas favorite term for universal.

Noica namesthe first three passive maladies: Catholitis, Todetitis, and Horetitis, and their activecousins, Ahoretia, Atodetia, and Acatholia. Like Heidegger, Noica has no fear ofneologisims. The maladies are ontological in nature and unlike somatic maladies;they are uniquely constitutive of Geist. They are incurable even when their causesare known. In Noicas world, the truth will not set you free. Catholita, Catholitis, derived from the Greek word katholou, is the maladymarked by a deficiency of the general.

The malady is revealed by the obsessionof the being to escape his individual existence in order to reach some form ofuniversality. The individual resents the fact that although everything has generalqualities, nothing has a unique set of them. The individual shares general qualities,and Catholitis reminds the individual that he has no general quality that fits himalone. Its not a fixed essence that the victim of Catholitis seeks, but rather, theindividual searches for something general that is a manifestation of his ownindividuality.

The human being wants to be, wants to be for the others, for. The struggleis found in the knowledge that there is an other general, and the acceptance ofthe individual of his inability to achieve it. The individual is constantly reposi-tioning himself in the prism of his life, not as a universal but as a general. Catholitis is therefore, according to Noica, the juggling of the individualsmany general qualities and his search for a particularity in generality.

The dis-equilibrium, unbalanced nature of the search for this particular generalitythesearch among the many generalitiesis derived from the multiple manifestationsof the individual.

Sometimes the individual seeks a level of being correspondingto the preexisting natural order of things the meaning of things in nature prior tous, their historical justification.

Todetida, Todetitis, is derived from the Greek tode ti, this thing. Todetitis isinflicted by a deficiency of individuality, a deficiency of this particular thing, alack of singularity marked by the individuals need to capture individuality. Themalady is found in the individuals theoretical disposition and in his inability tofind his own individuality.

Noica writes that both nature and the divine suffer from Todetitis. The religiousconsciousness of the individual is said to resent, often, the abstract perfection ofdivinity, so the religious man seeks the divine personified. Christianity has sur-vived because it has individualized the divine, who arrives from nowhere to formhis own identity from imperfection and turn himself into man. Nature is also saidto suffer from this malady, and in order to surpass the struggle human beings faceagainst the abstract, men invented myths to individualize natural forces.

Todetitis is often present in the religious man divinity and in those beingsendowed with reason knowledge , as Todetitis is associated with all supremedisciplines.

The spiritual malady of Todetitis is reactivated, under the form ofsuffering, and inner conflict; the hardship arises from the inability to revealindividuality. Man reproduces the hardshipin order to cope and eventuallyeliminate his obsession with perfectionin a symbolic world, in which absoluteexactitude, and the affirmation of logos, captures the imperfectionsthe contra-dictions and paradoxesof natural language and mathematics:.

Symbolic logic, allied with the machine and mechanization to the point of automation, which matchit and in whose service it places itself, expresses in its pure state the primacy of the General overall that which can be individual, and thus the primacy of rigor, of exactitude, of mechanistic-rationalperfection, beneath which the nonetheless natural being of man risks deregulation through anexcess of regulation.

The predicate calculus, in which individuals are instances, also suffer from Todeti-tis. But Noica writes that modern man, through the degradation of the supremeinstances the divine, being as such, absolute time and space ,3 and using theinductive method of knowing general entities, has ridden himself of his obsessionwith perfection, and one form of Todetitis.

Horetita, Horetitis, derived from the Greek horos, translates as determination,the disorder of an action, its defect and outcome. Its a deficiency of determina-tions, an agony of the will. The sufferers of Horetitis suffer from a disorder givenby the determinations the individual assigns to himself. Thus, Catholitis relates tosentiments, Todetitis to the intellect, and Horetitis to the will. Horetitis is best exemplified when actions and thoughts are not in harmony,when the individual is tortured by his inability to act in accordance with his ownthoughts.

The malady leads to the precipitation, if not fully, to the diminution ofdeterminations. The malady embodies an acute form of impatience. The maladyis also present in non-human entities, such as the Luceafarul morning star ,angels, and the saurian species. The morning star reference requires someexplanation for non-Romanians. Post on Oct views. Category: Documents 3 download. Noica Constantin Noica was one of the most original thinkers ever pro-duced by the nation of Romania.

The human being wants to be, wants to be for the others, for BOOK REVIEW himself, in the absolute, in history, wants to be like a monument, renowned, likejustice, like truth, an achiever, a destroyerall for the sake of being.

Man reproduces the hardshipin order to cope and eventuallyeliminate his obsession with perfectionin a symbolic world, in which absoluteexactitude, and the affirmation of logos, captures the imperfectionsthe contra-dictions and paradoxesof natural language and mathematics: 1 Constantin Noica,Sase Maladii Ale Spiritului Contemporan Bucuresti : Humanitas, BOOK REVIEW Symbolic logic, allied with the machine and mechanization to the point of automation, which matchit and in whose service it places itself, expresses in its pure state the primacy of the General overall that which can be individual, and thus the primacy of rigor, of exactitude, of mechanistic-rationalperfection, beneath which the nonetheless natural being of man risks deregulation through anexcess of regulation.

In Eminescus5 Luceafarul, the Morning Star character re.

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Noica, Constantin Overview. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works about Constantin Noica. Most widely held works by Constantin Noica. Becoming within being by Constantin Noica 17 editions published between and in 3 languages and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide. Pray for Brother Alexander by Constantin Noica 6 editions published between and in English and Undetermined and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Constantin Noica's Pray for Brother Alexander is a meditation on responsibility, freedom, and forgiveness. On the surface, the book describes events and people from Noica's life during his time in a political communist prison in Romania.

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