In contrast to Freud's work, Szondi's approach is based on a systematic drive theory   and a dimensional model of personality. That is, Szondi means to enumerate all human drives, classifying and framing them within a comprehensive theory. Szondi drive system is built on the basis of eight drive needs,   each corresponding to a collective archetype of instinctive action. The eight drive needs represent archetypes and are present in all individuals in different proportions; a fundamental assumption of Fate analysis is that the difference between mental "illness" and mental "health" is not qualitative but quantitative. The four whole drives correspond to the four independent hereditary circles of mental illness established by the psychiatric genetics of the time:   the schizoform drive containing the paranoid and the catatonic drive needs , the manic-depressive drive, the paroxysmal drive including the epileptic and hysteric drive needs , and the sexual drive including the hermaprodite and the sadomasochist drive needs. Szondi's drive diagram has been described as his major discovery and achievement.
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The achievements of the scientist are: The Szondi test, Fate analysis and Fate psychology. Szondi was born in city of Nyitra in present-day Slovakia and raised in a German and Slovak-speaking Jewish family.
The original name of the family was Sonnenschein. The family moved to Budapest in His mother, who died very soon, was remembered by the family as an illiterate, unwholesome woman who had to be supervised by the elder siblings during her depressive periods.
The father himself had a huge impact on Szondi, influencing his fate-analytical works to a great extent. I was five when the family moved to Budapest, and my elder brothers and sisters had to provide for the family, while my father contributed as an assistant rabbi during the service on big Jewish feasts.
In such an environment I was raised to be religious. I was eighteen when he died, right before graduation. I used to say the prayer called Kaddish every morning and evening due to Jewish customs in front of the communion for a whole year.
This was the time when my ego had internalized my father. These deep patterns were the ones leading me in my academic works later on, even when I had already given up the dogmatic customs of the Jewish religion.
I still remained a Jew, a devoted one. Hence the role of belief function supposedly has a strong connection with me being brought up in a religious manner. In June , he was deported with his family to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on the Kastner train.
After American intellectuals paid a large ransom to Adolf Eichmann , Szondi, his family, and other prominent intellectuals were released to Switzerland in December , where Szondi continued to live after the war.
In , the test developed by Szondi was used by Israeli judges to test the same Adolf Eichmann during his trial. By then, Szondi was widely acknowledged as an internationally renowned psychoanalyst, who had sought a third way between Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung.
While Freud has focused on the individual unconscious, and Jung on the collective unconscious, Szondi privileged what he called "the family unconscious. Connecting with our collective unconscious through his method called "Fate Analysis," Szondi claimed, would allow us to achieve a higher degree of liberty, as we become free to follow or reject the "fatal" impulses coming from the presence of the ancestors in our psychic field.
Szondi never achieved the fame of Freud and Jung, but by the time of his death in he had gathered a loyal following. In , the Szondi Institute had been established in Zurich to preserve his writings, papers, and legacy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nitra , Austria-Hungary now Slovakia. Herausgeben von Prof. Ludwig J. Categories : births deaths Bergen-Belsen concentration camp survivors Hungarian emigrants to Switzerland Hungarian Jews Hungarian psychiatrists Hungarian psychoanalysts Holocaust survivors People from Nitra Swiss Jews Swiss psychiatrists Swiss psychoanalysts Jewish psychoanalysts.
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Bridge between human and natural sciences. The book has been on my mind quite a while and shall still be so. You know: to save freedom, guilt and merit, Schopenhauer transfers them from operari to esse. Man with his fate therefore is also what he has chosen to be. I cannot enter further into the profound and sharp witted thoughts of the book in pros and cons. It's refused to me. Take these lines as a brief sign of my sympathy!
The achievements of the scientist are: The Szondi test, Fate analysis and Fate psychology. Szondi was born in city of Nyitra in present-day Slovakia and raised in a German and Slovak-speaking Jewish family. The original name of the family was Sonnenschein. The family moved to Budapest in
Szondi, Leopold (1893-1986)